Fan and Pump Efficiency in Modelica based on the Euler Number
Keywords:fan efficiency, pump efficiency, component model
Simulation programs often assume constant hydraulic efficiency for fan or pump models when performance curves are unavailable. This is inaccurate because the hydraulic efficiency varies with the operation condition. It therefore consistently underestimates the power draw at off-design conditions at which the hydraulic efficiency drops. Use of a modified Euler number allows computing the hydraulic efficiency and shaft power with limited data. Others showed the validity of the modified Euler number for fan efficiency calculations. We show that it is also applicable for pumps, and present its implementation in Modelica for a fan or pump model. The only input required from the user is one data point at which the hydraulic efficiency is at its maximum. The reported method is applicable regardless of the type, size, or operational region of the fan or pump. Across a sample of eighteen sets of pump data and seven sets of fan data, the errors of the computed power from interpolated data were within 15% for the range of 20% - 70% of maximum flow rate and 40% - 90% of maximum pressure rise, excluding outliers.
Copyright (c) 2023 Hongxiang Fu, David Blum, Michael Wetter
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.