Simulation Study of Flow Instability in Parallel Multi-Channel Systems Based on Modelica


  • qiushi Tong
  • xing LV
  • Kangjie Deng
  • Xiaokang Zeng
  • JI Ding
  • Fanli Zhou



parallel channels, flow instability, Modelica, NUMAP, flow instability boundary


In parallel channels of a nuclear reactor core, flow instability can cause a significant decrease in critical heat flux (CHF) or mechanical oscillation of the fuel components, endangering the normal operation of the reactor. The NUMAP software, developed based on the two-fluid six-equation theory and using the Modelica language, is a multi-domain unified modeling and simulation platform for nuclear power plants. In this paper, a parallel dual-channel system model was constructed based on the NUMAP software, referencing a high-temperature and high-pressure steam-water two-phase thermohydraulic experimental device, to simulate flow instability phenomena. The comparison with experimental data validated the transient analysis ability of the NUMAP software for flow instability phenomena. Based on this, the flow instability boundary of a parallel multi-channel system was calculated under the same operating conditions. When the number of parallel channels was 2, 3, and 4, the calculated flow instability boundary error did not exceed ±5%, verifying that a parallel dual-channel structure can be used to obtain the flow instability boundary when there are multiple parallel heating channels.