Simulation of different scenarios for resource utilization. Uncertainties, availability, and fair distribution of global resources


  • Erik Dahlquist
  • Stefan Hellstrand
  • Madeleine Martinsen



Resources, simulations, scenarios


In this paper scenarios are made simulating how demand can be predicted for different materials and resources for the future when we develop new technologies to build the sustainable society for everyone. How does recycling efficiency impact total demand for virgin resources? This also means a fair distribution including all people, but with a bit different demand depending on where people live. In hot countries cooling is important, while heating in cold. But how will global warming affect this? And how can solutions like EV with batteries and H2 with fuel cells (FC), new materials for heat and cold storage etc change the demand for different materials and resources? Different scenarios are simulated, and the results discussed.