Response Surface Modelling to Reduce CO2 Capture Solvent Cost by Conversion of OZD to MEA
Keywords:CO2 capture, Oxazolidinone (OZD), Raman Spectroscopy, Response Surface Modelling, Design of Experiment
AbstractThe increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere is the most urgent global challenge. The most mature CO2 abatement option is post-combustion CO2 capture employing Monoethanolamine (MEA) solvent. One challenge of using MEA is its in-service degradation to 2-oxazolidinone (OZD), a heterocyclic five-membered organic ring compound. Furthermore, OZD degrades more MEA leading to CO2 capture solvent loss and hence increased operational cost. It is therefore of interest to investigate methods to convert OZD back to MEA. This work reports the conversion of 2-oxazolidinone to MEA by heat treatment at an alkaline condition. Raman spectroscopy and Ion-Exchange chromatography were applied to qualify and quantify the reaction. The optimal reaction parameters were identified by an experimental design model using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM). A second-order model with three variables and five levels of focus was employed, with the OZD conversion percentage as the response. This methodology was chosen because such a model could estimate the main effects, interactions and quadratic terms by relying on a relatively small number of experiments. 17 experimental runs were designed by the software using this method. At a reaction time of 35 minutes, reaction temperature of 100°C, and 2.5 mole of hydroxide per mole of OZD resulted in a complete conversion of OZD to MEA.
Copyright (c) 2023 Federico Mereu, Jayangi D. Wagaarachchige, Zulkifli Idris, Klaus-Joachim Jens, Maths Halstensen
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