Numerical Investigation on Performance of Gas Turbine Blade: Effects of simulation Models and Blade Geometry


  • Heng Hu
  • Narmin Hushmandi
  • Magnus Genrup



Curvature Distribution, Gas Turbine, Numerical Simulation, Blade Loss, Incidence


With a significant impact on turbomachinery blade performance, surface curvature distribution becomes one of the essential factors in the design of high-efficiency blades. This study focuses on applying computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to evaluate turbine rotor blade performance. The main aim is to analyze the influence of incidence and geometry shape on the performance of a gas-turbine blade in two dimensions. To achieve this, an investigation was conducted to identify a suitable turbulence model for this case, with two turbulence models combined with two different solvers explored in ANSYS Fluent: Realizable k-ε model in pressure and density based solver; k-ω shear stress transport (SST) model in pressure and density based solver. The blade total pressure loss across different blade exit Mach numbers is the comparison factor, with validation against experimental data. Subsequently, the chosen pressure-based k-ω SST model mode is used to study the performance of various air inflow incidence angles and compare two different blade geometries. In this paper, two geometries, Geometry 1 and Geometry 2, were designed by setting two different exit blade angles, β2=79.5° and β2=70° respectively, while the inlet blade angles have the same value, β1=48.8°. Furthermore, the effect of varying air inflow incidence angles between -48.8° and 10° on the blade performance distribution is also investigated. Within the studied range, the inflow incidence angle of 10° is found to have the best performance in terms of turbine work output. On the other hand, the blade performance of Geometry 2 appears superior to Geometry 1.